Tree Frog Forestry News

Daily Archives: April 2, 2015

Business & Politics

Crowley: Japan, not China, is key to Canada’s Asian aspirations

Calgary Herald
April 2, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: Canada

Geography, history, immigration and economic self-interest all say Canada should be an Asia-Pacific country. Europe still matters, but our old Atlantic focus seems increasingly out of step with an Asia-obsessed world. Yet our Asia-Pacific aspirations remain largely just that: aspirations. Some Canadians talk a good game about the Pacific Century. We remain, however, babes in the Asian woods, sure that we must be present, but having little clue how to turn our good intentions into real engagement. One classic mistake is to be dazzled by China’s rise, and therefore assume our principal Asian relationship should be with the resurgent dragon. Japan, however, is a far better fit for Canada.

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Canfor Announces Completed Purchase of Mill from Southern Lumber Company

Stockhouse
April 1, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: Canada, Canada West

Canfor announced today that, further to its news release of September 30, 2014, it has completed the purchase of the operating assets of Southern Lumber Company. The acquisition includes a sawmill located in Hermanville, Mississippi which is a large log southern yellow pine dimension lumber mill producing predominantly long wide-width lumber. “With the completion of this acquisition, we are further positioned to provide additional higher-value products to our global customers” said Canfor Corporation President and CEO Don Kayne. 

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Steelworkers launch petition calling for public inquiry into sawmill explosions

Prince George Free Press
April 1, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: Canada, Canada West

The United Steelworkers have launched a petition demanding Premier Christy Clark call a public inquiry into the explosions of the Babine and Lakeland sawmills. The renewed call for a public inquiry comes as a coroner’s inquest has been adjourned indefinitely after revelations that the company conducted its own forensic investigation of the Lakeland sawmill explosion and WorkSafeBC rejected the company’s attempt to share it with the agency. … United Steelworkers District Director Stephen Hunt says Clark’s promise to provide answers to workers and family members who lost loved ones is not being met by the coroner’s inquest.

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Lumber Liquidators Faces Class-Action Suit: Test Kits Unreliable

Woodworking Network
April 1, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: United States

SAN FRANCISCO – Lumber Liquidators is facing a federal class-action lawsuit for allegedly orchestrating a “campaign of misinformation,” including charges it provided unreliable kits to homeowners seeking to test for formaldehyde emissions from their laminate flooring. …It also claims the third-party providing the testing kits is being paid by Lumber Liquidators, and that the kits themselves “do not use testing methods that are commonly accepted and that CARB recommends.” In addition, the suit states, the home testing kits are “inherently unreliable” and “designed to under-report” the formaldehyde levels in the composite flooring.

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International Paper to Expand Fluff Pulp Capacity

My Print Source
April 1, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: United States

International Paper has announced plans to invest $135 million to expand fluff pulp production at its Riegelwood NC Mill. The investment will convert the mill to 100 percent fluff and softwood pulp production, adding an incremental 400,000 tons of capacity, with ongoing flexibility to shift between the two products. When the conversion is complete, the company will have the capability to produce up to 1.4 million tons annually of high-quality fluff. The new fluff pulp capacity is expected to ramp up mid-year 2016. “The investment at Riegelwood proactively repositions assets to serve our customers in the growing global fluff pulp market and best positions International Paper to increase shareholder value,” said Mark Sutton, chairman and CEO, International Paper.

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Plum Creek to invest $10 mil in local plants

Hungry Horse News
April 1, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: United States, US West

A gradual increase in housing starts across the U.S. and better timber prices are two factors behind Plum Creek Timber Co.’s decision to invest $10 million in plant improvements at its Northwest Montana manufacturing plants. “We’re optimistic overall for another good year,” said Tom Ray, Plum Creek’s vice president of northwest resources and manufacturing. “The largest single concern is the lack of raw materials, but we’re hoping Congress will address that.” One of the largest landowners in the U.S., Plum Creek had a strong year in 2014, reporting earnings of $214 million on $1.48 billion in revenues. Harvest numbers were 13 percent over 2013.

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Oversold Conditions For Canfor (CFP)

Forbes
April 1, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: Canada, US West, Canada West

Legendary investor Warren Buffett advises to be fearful when others are greedy, and be greedy when others are fearful. One way we can try to measure the level of fear in a given stock is through a technical analysis indicator called the Relative Strength Index, or RSI, which measures momentum on a scale of zero to 100. A stock is considered to be oversold if the RSI reading falls below 30. In trading on Wednesday, shares of Canfor Corp (Toronto: CFP) entered into oversold territory, hitting an RSI reading of 29.4, after changing hands as low as $24.95 per share. By comparison, the current RSI reading of the S&P/TSX Composite Index is 44.8.

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Rayonier pollution not permit violation, court finds

Savannah Morning News
April 2, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: US East, United States

A Jesup pulp mill can continue to pollute the Altamaha River with its dark, acrid-smelling discharge after a federal court dismissed a Clean Water Act case against it. The Altamaha Riverkeeper brought the suit, charging that the Jesup-based Rayonier Performance Fibers plant has been polluting the river for decades with discharge heavy enough to be seen in satellite images as a miles-long black plume in the river. But the U.S. District Court, Southern Division, found the company was in compliance with its state-issued water quality permit and on Tuesday granted Rayonier’s motion for summary judgment.

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Columbia Forest Products Launches “Behind the Ply” Newsletter

Virtual-Strategy Magazine
April 1, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: US East, United States

Columbia Forest Products, North America’s longstanding leader in the hardwood plywood and hardwood veneer industry, announces the launch of a new publication. Behind the Ply is a bimonthly e-newsletter focused on news and information of interest to members of the specifier community including architects, designers and specifications experts. Behind the Ply is a free information resource delivered to the subscriber’s inbox – designed as a “quick read” covering news and practical tips for readers.

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Georgia-Pacific Buys Lumber Mill from RoyOMartin

Woodworking Network
April 1, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: US East, United States

MEXIA, AL – Georgia-Pacific has acquired the Rocky Creek lumber operations in Mexia, Alabama, from RoyOMartin. Terms of the March 13 deal were not disclosed. Approximately 110 people are employed at the facility, which produces dimension lumber, squares and timbers from southern yellow pine. The facility was constructed in 2001 and acquired by RoyOMartin in 2006.

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Largest Forest in Eastern U.S To Be Sold by Foley Timber

Woodworking Network
April 2, 2015
Category: Business & Politics
Region: US East, United States

The largest forest in the Eastern U.S will be sold by Foley Timber and Land Company. Acquired in 1994 from Procter & Gamble, the approximately 561,000 acres in five contiguous North Central Florida counties (Taylor, Lafayette, Dixie, Madison and Jefferson), timber from the land is now harvested by Georgia Pacific which operates a pulp mill there. G-P buys trees from Foley to supply the mill.

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Wood, Paper & Green Building

West Fraser lignin project gets $6 million from SDTC

Pulp and Paper Canada
April 1, 2015
Category: Wood, Paper & Green Building
Region: Canada, Canada West

 The lignin extraction project at West Fraser’s Hinton Pulp mill is one of a bunch of clean technology projects to receive funding from Sustainable Development Technology Canada in recent weeks. West Fraser Mills Ltd., based in Vancouver, will receive $6.1 million, to construct Canada’s first LignoForce™ commercial lignin recovery plant, where pulp mill waste will be recovered and used in a variety of applications. “West Fraser is proud to be the recipient of SDTC funding in support of the world’s first commercial demonstration LignoForce System™ lignin recovery plant. 

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AHFA Files Public Records Request With CARBIn Wake Of Lumber Liquidators Investigation

Furniture World
April 1, 2015
Category: Wood, Paper & Green Building
Region: United States

The American Home Furnishings Alliance (AHFA) reported that it has filed a California Public Records Act Request to obtain information on overseas labs certified by the California Air Resources Board (CARB). On March 1, “60 Minutes” aired an investigative report that accused Virginia-based flooring retailer Lumber Liquidators of selling laminate flooring from China containing formaldehyde levels in excess of CARB limits. The investigation included undercover video at three mills in China that supply Lumber Liquidators.  In the videos, mill employees admit to falsely labeling the laminate flooring as CARB 2-compliant to save on production costs. “The industry has been relying on CARB to certify overseas labs and to notify industry if problems arise. It appears that may not be happening,” states AHFA CEO Andy Counts.

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View: Fire sprinklers save lives

lohoud.com
April 2, 2015
Category: Wood, Paper & Green Building
Region: US East, United States


…New York hasn’t updated its codes for more than nine years. The state should adopt the 2015 ICC Code, including its residential sprinkler requirements….With the inception of lightweight construction, which is manufactured wood held together with glue, the use of man-made synthetics that go into our furniture, accessories and clothing, fires are burning faster and hotter than ever before. Underwriters Laboratories states that today’s modern homes burn 800 percent faster than homes we grew up in. Sprinklers can reduce the loss of life and at the same time reduce the tremendous property loss due to a fire.

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Forestry

New law protects forests

Regina Leader Post
April 2, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: Canada, Canada West

New wildfire management legislation has arrived in time for the province’s wildfire season, which typically runs from April 1 to Oct. 31. The Wildfire Act replaces The Prairie and Forest Fires Act, 1982, one of the oldest pieces of wildfire legislation in Canada. The new act, with the accompanying wildfire regulations, provides a modern regulatory framework that ensures public safety, while fostering sustainable economic growth, the Ministry of the Environment said in a press release Wednesday.

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Reducing fuels in the forest helps protect RDCK communities

Nelson Daily
April 1, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: Canada, Canada West

The Regional District of Central Kootenay, through funding provided through Strategic Wildfire Initiative Program administered by the Union of British Columbia Municipalities, is doing its best to protect communities from wildfires in the district. The RDCK is guarding against possible wildfires by reducing fuel loads in forested areas in specific areas of the district. “Fuel management projects can also increase the availability and diversity of wildlife habitat through the restoration of open forest conditions,” said Noreen Clayton, emergency program coordinator with the RDCK, in a prepared statement.

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Diseased Dutch elms get new life with millers, artisans

Charlottetown says partners will repurposing wood in a way that disease won’t spread
CBC News
April 2, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: Canada East, Canada

The City of Charlottetown has partnered with local wood millers and artisans for alternative uses for the wood from trees with Dutch elm disease that are being cut down. The city is about halfway through removing the 323 trees. Spread of the disease has been a concern for the city. Now some of the wood will be repurposed in a way so Dutch elm disease cannot spread. The city’s partners will be supervised by city staff when wood is picked up. “Some of the uses that we’ve approved are kiln drying. So the wood would
be dried. Any sort of opportunity for the disease to spread would be
removed through that process,” said Ramona Doyle, the city’s
sustainability officer.

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‘Potentially devastating’ spruce budworm found in N.B. forest

CTV News
April 2, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: Canada East, Canada

For the first time in decades, pockets of the spruce budworm have been found in the Maritimes, prompting scientists to spring into action…. Gerald Holmes was an operations planner at the time. His job was to prepare the devastated forest for harvest. “No green needles, just dead trees,” recalls Holmes. “Everything was grey and covered in webs.” Forest engineer Bruce Chisolm says losses were substantial because Cape Breton didn’t participate in the insecticide spraying program, making it more imperative to contain the infestation creeping into northern New Brunswick now.

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End times for ash trees

Simcoe Reformer
April 1, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: Canada East, Canada

DELHI – The emerald ash borer in Norfolk County is proving to be as devastating as predicted. The tiny green insect – an invasive species from Asia – has been writing the obituary of local ash trees since the first infestation was discovered at a campground near Turkey Point. Those who know what to look for see damaged and dying trees along most every concession road, in area parks, and along streets in the county’s towns, villages and hamlets. “If there’s an ash tree in Norfolk, I can guarantee it has emerald ash borer,” Steve Scheers, Norfolk’s superintendent of forests and cemeteries, said during a drive around Norfolk on Wednesday. “I said it would take four years to spread across the county. It’s been seven years since. It’s full blown.”

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The Greatest Good

by Tom Tidwell, Chief, U.S.D.A. Forest Service
USDA Blog
March 31, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States

I was asked recently what the Forest Service mission meant to me. There are three words that always come to mind any time I think about what we do … the greatest good. Founder of the Forest Service, Gifford Pinchot said that where conflicting interests must be reconciled, the question shall always be answered from the standpoint of the greatest good of the greatest number in the long run. Our mission is varied and complex, but the concept of doing our best for the largest amount of people is much simpler. We will always strive to do the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people.

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Failure to meet mandated timber harvest levels costs local jobs, taxes

KONP
April 1, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

(Port Angeles) — Arrearage is a word seldom used in a typical person’s vocabulary. But it’s the reason Clallam County local governments and schools have lost millions of dollars in state timber revenues and cost some local mill workers their jobs. Forks City Attorney and Planner Rod Fleck has been heavily engaged in the timber-harvest debate. He says state law required the Department of Natural Resources meet a previously-set timber harvest level over the past ten years. It missed the mark by almost 280 million board feet on the north Olympic Peninsula. That’s the arrearage.

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Coquille Tribe grant supports new SWOCC program

The World
March 31, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

COOS BAY — Southwestern Oregon Community College is purchasing equipment for the new associate of science degree program with forestry emphasis thanks to a $20,000 grant from the Coquille Tribal Community Fund. “This funding partnership between the SWOCC Foundation and the tribe makes it possible for the college to buy top-quality equipment that will be used to educate and train new students,” said Mark Wall, SWOCC Foundation president. “This will help meet the forestry profession’s increasing need for more highly trained workers.”

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Forest restoration work continues west of Bend

KTVZ
April 2, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

BEND, Ore. – Beginning next Monday, the Deschutes National Forest is planning two restoration projects west of Bend in the “Good Dog” and Tumalo Ridge areas. If conditions remain favorable, work will begin on a mowing project in the “Good Dog” area bordering the western edge of Bend and adjacent to Widgi Creek golf course. The 539-acre mowing project will likely begin on Monday and is expected to take 1-2 weeks to complete. Work will only be done on week days so weekend users will not be impacted by equipment operation.

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Local forest ‘snapshot’ provides basis for future planning

Helena Independent Record
April 1, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

The U.S. Forest Service this week released the results of the first of three phases in developing a joint forest plan for the Helena and Lewis and Clark national forests. Called a “forest plan assessment,” the document details current conditions and trends for various criteria including recreation, cultural and historical uses and natural resources such as soil and air. The Forest Service held open houses to gather comments and feedback, asking the public how they use the forest today and what is and isn’t working well, said forest plan revision team leader Erin Swiader. “It’s basically a snapshot, like a zoning document providing a 30,000-foot view of the forest,” she said. “With the assessment completed, that’ll form the basis for these community conversations we’ll be having with the public in the next six to 12 months.”

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US gives threatened status to northern long-eared bat

St. Louis Post Dispatch
April 1, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

DETROIT (AP) — The federal government said Wednesday that it is listing the northern long-eared bat as threatened, giving new protections to a species that has been nearly wiped out in some areas by the spread of a fungal disease. White-nose syndrome first was first discovered among bats in a cave near Albany, New York, in 2006 and since then has killed millions of the flying mammals in the Northeast, South and Midwest. It spreads while they congregate on the wet walls of caves or abandoned mines, interrupting their hibernation and causing them to starve or dehydrate. “Bats are a critical component of our nation’s ecology and economy,” U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service director Dan Ashe said in a statement. 

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Federal Land Management Not a Good Deal for Americans

Daily Signal
March 30, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

“By nearly all accounts, our federal lands are in trouble, both in terms of fiscal performance and environmental stewardship.” That was an assertion made earlier this month in a study released by the Property and Environment Research Center (PERC). The study focused on the difference between state-managed public lands and federally managed public lands. The federal government is ill-suited to manage vast amounts of land in the West. Short of private ownership, state and local governments are best suited for the task. …The PERC study calls into question the ability of federal government agencies to manage public lands in the west and supports states’ ability to manage those lands.

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Governor Bullock: forest health and restoration are good investments

Montana DNR
March 31, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

HELENA, Mont. The Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation is providing close to one million dollars in state funding to Forest Service projects in Montana, to increase the pace and scale of efforts to improve forest and watershed health. State investments will be made in Forest Service projects in each National Forest in Montana, funding thirteen projects in eleven counties. “Rather than promote the transfer of federal lands to the states, I believe we should help federal agencies succeed in managing lands under their jurisdiction,” said Governor Steve Bullock.

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Ex-Siuslaw chief defends forest plan

The Corvallis Gazette-Times
March 31, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

Twenty years after the Northwest Forest Plan drastically reduced logging in the federal forests of Oregon, Washington and Northern California to protect the northern spotted owl, the policy is still a polarizing force in the region. So is Jim Furnish, who led the plan’s local implementation as supervisor of the Corvallis-based Siuslaw National Forest from 1992 to 1999 and then, in a three-year stint as deputy chief of the Forest Service, helped draft sweeping policies protecting roadless areas from logging and emphasizing science and sustainability in forest planning.

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Tusayan Ranger District Achieves Goal of Zero Human-Caused Fires

USDA Blog
April 1, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

In calendar year 2014, the Tusayan Ranger District of the Kaibab National Forest achieved a longtime goal of zero human-caused wildfires. According to forest wildfire records, the last time the district had zero human fires was in 1965, exactly 50 years ago. “Over the last three years, we have had a specific, written goal of reducing human-caused wildfires on the district to zero for an entire calendar year,” said Quentin Johnson, fire management officer for the Tusayan Ranger District. “Given that the district receives millions of visitors each year because it is located immediately adjacent to Grand Canyon National Park, we knew this would be an incredible challenge.”

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A better alternative

Letter to the editor
The Mail Tribune
April 2, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

The guest opinion by Kerr and Stevens, “Clearcutting is wrong approach for counties” (March 15) leaves a reader with the impression that the only two alternatives to provide funding for schools are the Secure Rural Schools Act (SRS) or destructive clearcutting of publicly owned forests. …Managing the best-suited forest areas to provide valuable wood products would not only provide funding to counties, but also create well-paying jobs and many other benefits to local economies. Responsible management would include harvesting mature timber followed by replanting, thinning trees to maximize growth and reduce fire hazards, as well as salvaging dead and dying trees, including fire-killed timber.

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Montana foresters meeting in Whitefish to examine effective practices

The Missoulian
April 2, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

The Montana Society of American Foresters has announced the theme for its annual meeting in Whitefish on Friday, April 10. “Effective Forest Practices for Today’s Resource Challenges” will promote a discussion of the forest management, resource challenges, and current scientific research. Bob Alvers, president of the national SAF, will open the meeting and provide national perspectives at 8:45 a.m. Other speakers will include U.S. Sen. Steve Daines; Rebecca Lloyd, soil scientist with the Bureau of Land Management; and musician and storyteller Jack Gladstone, who will keynote the banquet with a presentation titled “C.M. Russell: Heritage and Legacy.”

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Firefighters face risky ‘new normal’ in wildfire behavior

E&E Publishing
March 31, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: US East, United States

RENO, Nev. — Todd McNeal, chief of Twain Harte Fire and Rescue, spoke before his fellow firefighters and foresters last week with the tone of an evangelist. “There is fundamental change that has occurred around us,” said McNeal, his voice rising to fill a dimly lit casino resort conference hall. McNeal, who in 2013 spent three weeks helping to fight the 257,000-acre Rim fire, pulled up a slide and read a few sobering statistics. Four out of the five biggest wildfires ever seen in his home state of California burned in the last decade, he said.

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Clear cutting halted at Land Between the Lakes

WPSD
March 31, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: US East, United States

WASHINGTON DC – Clear Cutting of wooded areas at Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area is coming to a halt Tuesday night. The decision from the federal forest services comes after the Lyon and Trigg County judge executives traveled to Washington, D.C. Lyon County Judge Executive Wade White said in a statement Tuesday that, while there, the judge executives shared concerns about the project with representatives with the respective offices of Sen. Mitch McConnell and Sen. Rand Paul, with plans to speak with a representative from Rep. Ed Whitfield’s office.

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Montana USFS employee survives Mississippi helicopter crash

MTN News Great Falls
April 1, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: US East, United States

An employee of the Helena National Forest survived a helicopter crash that killed two Monday in Mississippi. The crash happened near Saucier in the DeSoto National Forest in Mississippi. Two people who died in the crash have been identified as contract pilot Brandon Ricks, and DeSoto National Forest employee Steve Cobb. Brendan Mullen, a member of the Helena National Forest’s helitack crew, was taken to a hospital in Mobile, Alabama, in critical condition. Since then, his condition has improved to serious, and he continues to make improvements.

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Tree cheers

April 2, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: International

When deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon started to fall a decade ago, many scientists and environmentalists attributed the drop to unrelated trends in global commodities markets, which briefly depressed agricultural production in 2005–06. The assumption was that a developing country such as Brazil could not possibly assert control over its domain, and that farmers and ranchers would soon return to their old habits. But they didn’t. Production recovered and then increased, while the rate of deforestation continued to fall. Brazil proved the sceptics wrong, and in doing so it changed the global conversation on forests, food and rural development.

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Scion follows Flirtey in trialling new drone technologies in NZ

New Zealand Scoop
April 1, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: International

Forestry crown research institute Scion will next month trial the use of drones for use in forestry management and hopes to be an early adopter of imminent rule changes allowing them to be flown beyond line of sight. Scion has teamed up with Raglan-based Aeronavics to field test unmanned aerial vehicles mounted with interchangeable remote sensing technologies which can transmit vital information on various aspects of forestry management such as tree health and pests. It’s thought the technologies may also prove useful in biosecurity surveillance and eradication operations, along with fire management.

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Russia and Canada lead the world in global forest loss in 2013

Mongabay.com
April 2, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: International

Russia and Canada led the world in forest loss, accounting for nearly forty percent of the 18 million hectares of forest lost globally in 2013, reveals a new analysis based on high resolution satellite imagery. The research — released today on Global Forest Watch, a forest monitoring and research platform — was led by Matt Hansen of the University of Maryland and involved Google, World Resources Institute (WRI), and other institutions.

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Magical place of gin-scented foliage

Forest-in-Teesdale: This juniper forest is a botanical wonder
The Guardian
April 2, 2015
Category: Forestry
Region: International

“KILLER ON THE LOOSE” warned the dramatic sign beside the disinfectant footbaths at the entrance to Moor House national nature reserve. As we followed the path towards High Force waterfall, the work of the killer, a microscopic fungus-like organism called Phytophthora austrocedri, was plain to see; we passed scores of dead and dying junipers. …This juniper forest is one of the botanical wonders of Teesdale, a magical place of bottle-green, gin-scented foliage, purple berries and gnarled trunks prostrated by the burden of winter snow and shaped by the south-westerly wind.

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Carbon, Climate & Bioenergy

HOW WILL CLIMATE CHANGE AFFECT TROPICAL FORESTS?

University Cooperation for Atmospheric Reseearch
April 1, 2015
Category: Carbon, Climate & Bioenergy
Region: International

Tropical forests play a major role in the planet’s carbon cycle, but there are a lot of uncertainties about how they will respond to climate change. A new international project aims to bring the future of tropical forests into much clearer focus. The project, called the Next Generation Ecosystem Experiment–Tropics, or NGEE-Tropics, is led by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. It includes scientists from the National Center for Atmospheric Research. The project will explore how tropical forests respond to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, rising temperatures, shifting precipitation patterns, and other natural and human-induced changes.

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General

Tree cheers

April 2, 2015
Category: Uncategorized

When deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon started to fall a decade ago, many scientists and environmentalists attributed the drop to unrelated trends in global commodities markets, which briefly depressed agricultural production in 2005–06. The assumption was that a developing country such as Brazil could not possibly assert control over its domain, and that farmers and ranchers would soon return to their old habits. But they didn’t. Production recovered and then increased, while the rate of deforestation continued to fall. Brazil proved the sceptics wrong, and in doing so it changed the global conversation on forests, food and rural development.

Read More