Tree Frog Forestry News

Daily Archives: June 20, 2017

Today’s Takeaway

Portugal’s forest fire tragedy the worst on record

Tree Frog Forestry News
June 20, 2017
Category: Today's Takeaway

The reasons behind Portugal’s worst forest fire tragedy on record, which has claimed 62 lives so far, “are many”, according to a report in the Washington Post. Although debated, they include “forceful winds and inland temperatures hovering around 40 degrees”, and “climate change and economic cutbacks”.

In other fire news, the effort to contain the 6,600 acre Highline Fire in Arizona “veered toward triumph over the weekend” due in large part to an army of 1,224 firefighters; “voluntary evacuation orders were issued in the San Bernardino National Forest“; and forest fires in Russia “swelled by nearly 5,000 hectares in the past 24 hours”.

Unifor hosted five softwood lumber rallies across Canada on Monday. More than 200 union members “demanded action” outside of the Resolute paper mill in Thunder Bay, while 500 gathered in Saint John where Jim Irving called for “the return of the long-standing exemption on border taxes on lumber exports from New Brunswick”.

Finally, led by a decline in multifamily production, “nationwide housing starts fell 5.5 percent in May”, according to newly released data from the U.S. Department of Housing. However, not all is grim as exports of Southern pine lumber in March contributed “to an overall year-to-date increase of 17% when compared with the first three months of 2016”

— Kelly McCloskey, Tree Frog Editor

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Business & Politics

Softwood Lumber and the Forgotten Value-Added Sector

Letter by Rick Ekstien, CEO Weston Forest
CD Howe Institute
June 19, 2017
Category: Business & Politics
Region: Canada

There has been much press lately about the Canada-US Softwood Lumber dispute. …One of the lesser known sectors of the forest products industry is the value added, or “remanufacturing sector.” …Yet remanufacturers are the unintended victims of US trade action against Canadian sawmills. Even if you accept the US position that Canadian timber is sold to our sawmills at a discounted price, the sawmills sell their low-grade lumber to remanners for as much as the market will allow – thereby extinguishing any alleged subsidies… In a previous dispute, a spokesperson for the US Lumber Industry stated that Canadian remanners were “akin to innocent victims of a drive-by shooting.” Unfortunately this is correct. The value-added sector is suffering a disproportionate amount of pain from a dispute that they should not even be involved in. This important sector cannot be forgotten!

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NDP leader swings through Cranbrook

By Trevor Crawley
Cranbrook Daily Townsman
June 19, 2017
Category: Business & Politics
Region: Canada, Canada West

As political intrigue swirls in Victoria, NDP leader John Horgan came to the East Kootenay to tour the Galloway Lumber Company mill operation and pledge his support for the softwood lumber dispute.. …On softwood lumber, Horgan pledged his support to fight for a fair agreement with the United States, noting that every time a dispute arises, the international tribunals always rule in favour of Canada. “I believe we’re going to be successful, we have been every time these challenges come forward, Canada has prevailed and we will again,” Horgan said, “but the sooner we get a deal, the sooner we’re going to put some confidence back into forestry in British Columbia, and more importantly, reduce the anxiety of people who are working in the sector who are concerned about their jobs, concerned about putting bread on the table and I want to make sure we get this done as quickly as possible.”

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Skookum bucks for B.C. Liberals

By Tom Fletcher
Merritt Herald in BC Local News
June 19, 2017
Category: Business & Politics
Region: Canada, Canada West

Financial contributions continue to pour into the B.C. Liberal Party, documented by its voluntary “real-time” disclosure that started in January and abruptly stopped at the end of May. This has carried on after the election where the B.C. Liberals lost their majority and set the stage for the “GreeNDP” rebel alliance. Now the Imperial dynasty is assembling a veritable Death Star of campaign cash. …It was a good week for the B.C. Liberals with forest companies. The Interior Lumber Manufacturers Association gave $5,000, Skookumchuck Pulp Inc. pitched in $20,000, and Western Forest Products tied for the week’s biggest donation with $30,000. Skookumchuck, north of Cranbrook, is now a division of Paper Excellence, the Indonesian-owned private corporation that bought the mill from Tembec in 2013. Paper Excellence also resurrected the pulp mill in Mackenzie and owns Howe Sound Pulp and Paper.

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‘Keep up the fight’: Maritime forestry workers rally for fair trade for softwood

By Bobbi-Jean MacKinnon
CBC News
June 19, 2017
Category: Business & Politics
Region: Canada East, Canada

An estimated 500 forestry workers and supporters from across the Maritimes gathered in Saint John on Monday to urge the federal government to demand a softwood lumber deal with the United States “before any more jobs are lost” due to countervailing duties and pending “anti-dumping” tariffs… “The federal government’s recent aid package for the industry was important, but the most important outcome is a negotiated softwood lumber agreement with the U.S. that benefits Canadian communities,” Jerry Dias, Unifor’s national president, said in a statement… Jim Irving, co-CEO of J.D. Irving, Limited, told the workers in Saint John they are living proof the issue is about more than softwood and lumber… Irving called for the return of the long-standing exemption on border taxes on softwood lumber exports from New Brunswick. “We need to maintain the historic exclusion … because we’re right,” he said.

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Workers rally for softwood lumber deal

By Doug Diaczuk
TB Newswatch
June 20, 2017
Category: Business & Politics
Region: Canada East, Canada


THUNDER BAY – It has been a fight fought before, but workers in the forest industry continue to worry that ongoing disputes with the United States over softwood lumber could cost them their jobs. “There’s a lot of conversation about it,” said Earl Harrison, an instrument mechanic at Resolute Forest Products. “Everybody is talking about it. It could mean a lot of jobs. It’s big. Canada is big into the pulp and paper and wood industry.” On Monday, Unifor hosted rallies in five cities across Canada, including Thunder Bay, calling on the federal government to reach a deal with the United States on softwood lumber. More than 200 workers and union members gathered outside of the Resolute Forest Products paper mill in Thunder Bay demanding action.

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U.S. finds some China firms dumped hardwood plywood: Commerce Department

Reuters
June 20, 2017
Category: Business & Politics
Region: United States


The U.S. Commerce Department said on Monday it had reached a preliminary determination that some Chinese companies are dumping hardwood plywoods in the United States, which imported an estimated $1.12 billion worth of the products from China in 2016. A Commerce Department investigation found that exporters from China had sold hardwood plywoods used for wall panels, kitchen cabinets, tabletops and flooring in the United States for as much as 114.72 percent below fair value, the department said in a statement. The department preliminarily set an anti-dumping margin of 114.72 percent for Shandong Dongfang Bayley Wood Co Ltd and a margin of 57.36 percent for other respondents eligible for a separate rate. A rate of 114.72 percent was set for other Chinese producers who belong to a China-wide entity, the Commerce Department said in a statement.

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Greenpeace’s Bunny McDiarmid dishes on lawsuits, sinking ships and Trump

By Riley Sparks
National Observer
June 19, 2017
Category: Business & Politics
Region: United States

Two multi-million dollar lawsuits launched by one of Canada’s largest logging companies could have a “huge impact” on Greenpeace’s work in North America, says the environmental organization’s executive director. Resolute Forest Products is asking for more than $300 million in two defamation lawsuits filed in the U.S. and Canada against Greenpeace in relation to a campaign targeting Resolute’s logging operations in the Canadian boreal forest. Greenpeace says Resolute’s logging could devastate the boreal forest and endanger threatened caribou and other animals. …National Observer interviewed Greenpeace International executive director Bunny McDiarmid, who was in Canada in May to rally support from authors, publishers and free speech advocates. Greenpeace International is based in Amsterdam in The Netherlands.

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Multifamily Decline Brings Overall Housing Starts Down 5.5 Percent in May

National Association of Home Builders
June 16, 2017
Category: Business & Politics
Region: United States

Led by a decline in multifamily production, nationwide housing starts fell 5.5 percent in May to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1.09 million units, according to newly released data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Commerce Department. Multifamily starts fell 9.7 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 289,000 units while single-family production edged down 3.9 percent to 794,000. “Today’s report is consistent with builder sentiment in the housing market, indicating some weakness after a strong start to the year,” said Granger MacDonald, chairman of the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) and a home builder and developer from Kerrville, Texas.

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SFPA: Southern pine lumber exports increased by 26% in March

Lesprom Network
June 19, 2017
Category: Business & Politics
Region: US East, United States

Exports of Southern pine lumber approached record territory in March, amounting to just over 64 million board feet (MMbf). This volume represents a hefty increase of 26% above the same month last year, contributing to an overall year-to-date increase of 17% when compared with the first three months of 2016, as the Southern Forest Products Association says in the press release received by Lesprom Network. Offshore shipments during March roughly break down as follows: 28.9 MMbf dressed, 15.0 MMbf rough, and 20.2 MMbf treated lumber. Softwood lumber imports to the U.S. took a dive in March, totaling 1.4 billion board feet (Bbf), a drop of 16% from the volume imported during March of 2016.

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NZ structural log prices hit highest level in more than two decades

By Tina Morrison
The National Business Review
June 20, 2017
Category: Business & Politics
Region: International

New Zealand structural log prices have hit their highest level in more than two decades as local mills compete with the export market to secure supply to meet demand from the domestic market. The price for structural S1 logs lifted to $124 a tonne this month from $123 a tonne last month and $114 a tonne at the same time last year, reaching the highest price for the grade since April 1994, according to AgriHQ’s monthly survey of exporters, forest owners and saw millers. “The New Zealand domestic log market has slowly but consistently risen this year, and the past month was no different,” AgriHQ analyst Reece Brick said in his report. “Supply and demand fundamentals remain skewed in favour of sellers rather than buyers, squeezing even more returns out of harvested logs.”

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Wood, Paper & Green Building

Upper Canada Forest Products brings parklets to Toronto

By Upper Canada Forest Products
Wood Business in Canadian Forest Industries
June 19, 2017
Category: Wood, Paper & Green Building
Region: Canada East, Canada

Upper Canada Forest Products has unveiled the Downtown Yonge parklet on Elm Street. Located on the south side of Elm between Yonge and Bay Streets, the parklet officially opened June 16 with a ribbon cutting ceremony. …Accoya wood was chosen as the primary material for the project, and was provided by Upper Canada Forest Products. Accoya wood is the world’s leading high-performance wood, used in some of the most extreme climates and applications, including a submerged pedestrian bridge in the Netherlands, coastal siding in Scotland, decking in Mumbai, exterior commercial light poles in the U.S., and in windows around the world. “Accoya wood is often used for public installations throughout Europe, but this is the first public installation in the greater Toronto area,” said Pat French, senior specifications representative, Upper Canada Forest Products. “Accoya wood is a sustainably-sourced and non-toxic wood product and we couldn’t be more thrilled that it is being used for this particular parklet.” 

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Prefab ‘Kiss House,’ designed to passive house standards, is taking orders

By Jenny Xie
Curbed
June 19, 2017
Category: Wood, Paper & Green Building
Region: International

Kiss houses, a new prefab offering on the scene stands out with a few things: passive house certification, larger sizes (it’s offered in two-, three-, four-bedroom models), and a design that once won the honor of being the “Best House in the U.K. (up to 2,500 square feet).” Oxford-based architect Adrian James, who completed the popular original “Sandpath House” in 2014, partnered with Passivhaus specialist Mike Jacob of Trunk to turn the sleek, two-story design into a replicable prefab. Constructed sustainably using cross-laminated timber (CLT), Kiss houses ship flatpack to anywhere in the world and can be assembled in three to four days.

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Popular timber product doesn’t meet strict rules imposed following leaky homes crisis

By Andrea Vance
TV New Zealand News
June 18, 2017
Category: Wood, Paper & Green Building
Region: International

A popular brand of timber product used to build Kiwi homes doesn’t meet the strict rules put in place in response to the leaky homes crisis. That’s prompted urgent action from government officials. The Commerce Commission has ruled J-Frame is not everything it claims to be. J-Frame is a laminated veneer lumber – or LVL – made up of multiple layers of thin wood glued together.  “There isn’t a question mark over whether it is a rotting risk. It’s a question mark over whether it has been labelled appropriately,” Construction Minister Nick Smith says. Regular timber is saturated with a preservative all the way through the wood.  “The manufacturers of the LVL argue that they can’t get the boron treatment all the way through because of the layers of the glue. But that the product is just as serviceable and is resistant to rot.” It means the product shouldn’t have the mark H1.2 and is wrongly listed on building consents.

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Metsä Wood Launches ‘Open Source Wood’

June 20, 2017
Category: Wood, Paper & Green Building
Region: International

ESPOO, Finland – A pioneering open innovation project to accelerate growth in large scale wood construction. Metsä Wood’s Open Source Wood initiative is a call to action to architects, designers and engineers to join forces, share innovation and contribute knowledge about large-scale, modular wood construction. By creating an open innovation platform around modular wood construction, Metsä Wood’s aim is to connect the local wood construction industry with global knowledge to facilitate collaboration and growth….Metsä Wood’s Executive Vice President, Esa Kaikkonen, explains: “Not enough knowledge about modular wood design and building is shared, so wood construction remains niche. There is plenty of innovation but it is difficult to find, so Open Source Wood is our solution. We believe that with open collaboration the industry can achieve significant growth.”

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Chinese demand for rosewood furniture is decimating a rare, slow-growing species of African tree

By Lily Kuo
Quartz Africa
June 19, 2017
Category: Wood, Paper & Green Building
Region: International

The making of traditional Chinese furniture is an art form whose craftsmanship dates back as far as 1,000 BC. The furniture is made from hongmu, or “red wood,” a dense, fragrant, and most importantly, hardy wood that allows Chinese artisans to use joinery and doweling instead of glue and nails. Sometimes the word is carved into elaborate patterns or landscapes. Other times its fashioned into sleek seating arrangements that recall imperial China. On the other side of this market are the forests in Africa and southeast Asia where these hardwoods, more commonly known as rosewood, originate.

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Forestry

BC Community Forest Association Celebrates 15 – Year Anniversary

BC Community Forest Association
June 20, 2017
Category: Forestry
Region: Canada, Canada West

TUMBLER RIDGE, BC – Surrounded by spectacular natural beauty, Tumbler Ridge was the perfect setting for the BC Community Forest Association to celebrate its 15-year anniversary. Delegates came from around the province to attend the annual conference, hosted by the Tumbler Ridge Community Forest. During the 3- day event, conference participants were treated to local hospitality and viewed first hand the incredible dinosaur finds that have put Tumbler Ridge on the map as a UNESCO Global Geopark, only the second in North America. The program included a field trip into the community forest to see treatments used to protect the town from wildfire, along with presentations and workshops on a range of topics important to community forest practitioners

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Home and Garden Tour an adventure of discovery

By Scott Stanfield
Comox Valley Record
June 19, 2017
Category: Forestry
Region: Canada, Canada West

On Saturday, June 24, Cumberland hosts the ?2017 Cumberland Home and Garden Tour, offering curious explorers an exclusive glimpse into the homes, gardens,? churches, studios and built? spaces of the legendary village?.? …All proceeds support the Cumberland? ?Community Forest Society, and its efforts to purchase and protect forest lands surrounding Cumberland.? The society is working towards a purchase of more than 100 hectares of land alongside Perseverance Creek?. This purchase follows close on the heels of a successful 40-hectare purchase in 2016.

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Surrey tree inventory finds urban forest flourishing despite development

By Janet Brown
Global News
June 19, 2017
Category: Forestry
Region: Canada, Canada West

The City of Surrey is taking stock of its trees, amid concerns the city’s recent development boom has come at the cost of greenery. Council is receiving a report Monday assessing exactly how many trees have been cut in the recent years, with an eye towards maintaining a healthy urban forest. The report found that 43,000 trees were cut down on private property over the last five years. However, that loss was more than offset by nearly 56,000 trees that were planted as replacements on private land over the same period. Additionally, the inventory found that the city itself had planted more than 210,000 trees on public land, along streets and in parks over the last 11 years.

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Tamarisk leaf beetle chews through exotic trees into imperiled bird territory

By Brandon Loomis
AZ Central
June 19, 2017
Category: Forestry
Region: United States, US West

Exotic beetles released by the U.S. government to kill exotic trees along the upper Colorado River have munched a destructive path into central Arizona, officials have confirmed, proving to be more mobile and resilient than predicted. The tamarisk leaf beetle now threatens the endangered southwestern willow flycatcher and other birds that have adapted to the non-native tamarisk that grows so thick along some of the region’s rivers. The beetles can strip a tree of its leaves, ruining it as a home for the birds. Arizona environmentalists and biologists worry the beetle’s June 8 discovery in Wickenburg dooms many of the remaining flycatchers. Salt River Project has invested millions of dollars and 2,400 acres in mandated habitat protections throughout the Gila River drainage as a condition of raising Lake Roosevelt and displacing old nesting areas.

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Leadbeater’s possum debate prompts rival counts in Victorian forests

By Stephanie Anderson
ABC News, Australia
June 20, 2017
Category: Forestry
Region: International

On a cold night in the Toolangi State Forest, north-east of Melbourne, a pair of citizen scientists trample through dense bushland in search of a tiny possum. Jack McKenzie and Blake Nesbit from the Wildlife of the Central Highlands (WOTCH) group are looking for the critically endangered Leadbeater’s possum near native forest logging coupes. If they can document the possum’s presence, a 200-metre exclusion zone will be put in place to prevent logging in the area. …While members of WOTCH use survey kits to protect the possums, advocates of logging hope to turn the same tools against them. …Shane Phillips is one of about 30 Heyfield workers and locals who are working to prove the possum is far more abundant than previously thought.

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Land clearing on the rise as legal ‘thinning’ proves far from clear-cut

By April Reside, Anita J Cosgrove, Jennifer Lesley Silcock, Leonie Seabrook and Megan C Evans
The Conversation
June 20, 2017
Category: Forestry
Region: International

Land clearing is accelerating across eastern Australia, despite our new research providing a clear warning of its impacts on the Great Barrier Reef, regional and global climate, and threatened native wildlife. Policies in place to control land clearing have been wound back across all Australian states, with major consequences for our natural environment. One of the recent policy changes made in Queensland and New South Wales has been the introduction of self-assessable codes that allow landholders to clear native vegetation without a permit. These codes are meant to allow small amounts of “low-risk” clearing, so that landholders save time and money and government can focus on regulating activities that have bigger potential impacts on the environment.

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Religious, indigenous leaders demand rainforests be saved

By Matti Huuhtanen
Associated Press in Idaho Statesman
June 20, 2017
Category: Forestry
Region: International

HELSINKI — Religious and indigenous leaders on Monday called for an end to deforestation in the first international multi-faith, multi-cultural plea to reduce the emissions that fuel climate change. Participants from 21 countries gathered at a conference in the Norwegian capital of Oslo, hoping that billions of people of faith worldwide will unite to protect the Earth’s rainforests. Those forests are fundamental to human life but are suffering from agricultural and industrial exploitation in South America, sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Hosting the one-day meeting, Norwegian Climate and Environment Minister Vidar Helgesen said that halting deforestation requires “a global, tectonic shift in values.”

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Trees That Count Celebrates Matariki with Native Tree Giveaway

Trees That Count
June 19, 2017
Category: Forestry
Region: International

As Matariki draws near, Trees That Count is joining the M?ori New Year celebrations by offering community groups, schools and non-profit organisations the opportunity to win native trees for local conservation projects. Matariki is the M?ori name for the Pleiades star cluster (also known as the Seven Sisters) and this year celebrations are due to begin on 25 June. Traditionally it is an occasion which signifies remembrance, fertility and celebration. How closely aligned and bright these stars shone foretold how favourable the weather and how plentiful the growing season would be in the year ahead.  Trees That Count will be gifting 300 native trees to seven groups nationwide, representative of each of the seven stars of Matariki, to help regenerate their local environment. 

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Forest Fires

The caged monster

By Peter Aleshire
Payson Roundup
June 20, 2017
Category: Forest Fires
Region: United States, US West

The weeklong effort to contain the 6,634-acre Highline Fire trembled on the edge of disaster on Thursday night, but veered toward triumph over the weekend. On Monday, the army of 1,224 firefighters had the massive blaze on the face of the Mogollon Rim 76 percent contained, with strong lines on all sides. However, the prediction of thunderstorms with dry lightning strikes kept firefighters on the alert for new ignitions Tuesday. All week long the fire had lunged at the fire lines, driven upslope during the day by hot winds blowing up from the Valley — then back downslope at night as the cold air on top of the Rim settled. As a result, the fire made repeated efforts to escape over the top of the Rim into the thick forests beyond Forest Road 300. But then each night, the fire retreated back down the slopes toward the vulnerable communities of Bonita Creek Estates and Ellison Creek Estates as it spread both east and west along the face of the Rim.

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Voluntary evacuations ordered as 850-acre wildfire burns in Big Bear

By Leanne Suter
abc7.com
June 20, 2017
Category: Forest Fires
Region: United States, US West

BIG BEAR, Calif. — Voluntary evacuation orders were issued as firefighters battled an estimated 850-acre brush fire in Big Bear Monday afternoon. It was 0 percent contained. The blaze was first reported around 3 p.m. as a 10-acre fire that was “growing rapidly” at Holcomb Valley Road and N Shore Drive in the San Bernardino National Forest. Evacuations in Holcomb were voluntary, Big Bear Fire Department officials said. San Bernardino County sheriff’s officials said areas also under evacuation were homes around the Big Bear transfer station, also known as “the dump,” and Baldwin Lake. Big Bear residents watched as the fire began moving away from their city. Shauna Crane breathed a sigh of relief.

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State forestry managing 119-acre wildfire southwest of McGrath

by Alaska Division of Forestry
Alaska Wildland Fire Information
June 19, 2017
Category: Forest Fires
Region: US East, United States

Wildland firefighters are managing a lightning-caused wildfire that was reported late Saturday morning about 150 miles southwest of McGrath, according to the Alaska Division of Forestry. The Paimiut Fire, named after the nearby Paimiut Slough, is estimated at 119 acres. Six smokejumpers from the BLM Alaska Fire Service were dropped on the fire Saturday afternoon and they will be joined by two Type 2 crews from Hooper Bay and Chevak today, increasing the number of personnel working on the fire to almost 50. The closest communities to the fire are Holy Cross, approximately 20 miles to the north on the Yukon River, and Aniak, approximately 20 miles to the south on the Kuskokwim River. Smokejumpers worked through the night Saturday and all day Sunday to knock down the fire with support of two water-scooping aircraft on initial attack.

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Forest fires in Russia’s Siberia, Far East swell by almost 5,000 hectares

TASS Russian News Agency
June 20, 2017
Category: Forest Fires
Region: International

ULAN-UDE – Forest fires in Siberia and the Far East swelled by nearly 5,000 hectares in the past 24 hours, reaching 21,700 hectares, Russia’s federal aerial forest protection service Avialesokhrana said in a statement on Tuesday. “As many as 2,200 people have been combatting 96 forest fires covering 21,700 hectares, firefighting activities also involve 285 pieces of equipment and 36 aircraft,” the statement reads. Most of the fires are located in Siberia. According to the Natural Resources Ministry of the Transbaikal region, as of Tuesday morning, there is one forest fire in the region which engulfs 1,700 hectares, another two wildfires covering a total of 7,500 hectares have been contained.

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Portugal, a country helplessly prone to forest fires

By Barry Hatton and Ciaran Giles
Associated Press in The Washington Post
June 19, 2017
Category: Forest Fires
Region: International

LISBON, Portugal — As the temperature began to soar across the Iberian peninsula last week, everyone knew it was only a matter of time before fires started — they’ve become a summer fixture. But this time they came with a vengeance, one in Pedrogao Grande in north central Portugal killing 62 people — the country’s worst forest fire tragedy on record. Here’s a look at why Portugal seems helplessly prone to the phenomenon and what lessons it might be able to learn. …The reasons why are many. Located on Europe’s western edge, it is a slender strip of country facing the Atlantic Ocean to the west and Spain to the north and east. It is often subject to forceful winds and inland temperatures sometimes hovering around 40 degrees Celsius, (104 Fahrenheit). Large areas of central and northern Portugal are covered in dense woodland and hilly terrain, much of it pine and eucalyptus trees, both of which burn well. The forest industry, especially the production of paper pulp, accounts for around 3 percent of GDP, but ecologists lambast authorities for permitting excessive planting of eucalyptus in particular.

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Carbon, Climate & Bioenergy

Global Production of Second Generation Biofuels: Trends and Influences

By Dr. Jim Bowyer
Dovetail
June 19, 2017
Category: Carbon, Climate & Bioenergy
Region: United States

For more than a century, fossil fuels have been the primary source of a wide array of products including fuels, lubricants, chemicals, waxes, pharmaceuticals and asphalt. In recent decades, questions about the impacts of fossil fuel reliance have led to research into alternative feedstocks for the sustainable production of those products, and liquid fuels in particular. A key objective has been to use feedstocks from renewable sources to produce biofuels that can be blended with petroleum-based fuels, combusted in existing internal combustion or flexible fuel engines, and distributed through existing infrastructure. Given that electricity can power short-distance vehicle travel, particular attention has been directed toward bio-derived jet fuel and fuels used in long distance transport. …First generation biofuels helped to demonstrate the potential for large-scale production, distribution, and use of plant-based fuels. …Raw materials for second generation lignocellulosic biofuel production are quite different, and in the case of ethanol include corn stalks rather than corn itself, wood, and a range of non-food biomass.

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General

Metsä Wood Launches ‘Open Source Wood’

June 20, 2017
Category: Uncategorised

ESPOO, Finland – A pioneering open innovation project to accelerate growth in large scale wood construction. Metsä Wood’s Open Source Wood initiative is a call to action to architects, designers and engineers to join forces, share innovation and contribute knowledge about large-scale, modular wood construction. By creating an open innovation platform around modular wood construction, Metsä Wood’s aim is to connect the local wood construction industry with global knowledge to facilitate collaboration and growth….Metsä Wood’s Executive Vice President, Esa Kaikkonen, explains: “Not enough knowledge about modular wood design and building is shared, so wood construction remains niche. There is plenty of innovation but it is difficult to find, so Open Source Wood is our solution. We believe that with open collaboration the industry can achieve significant growth.”

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